Why Use a Toner?

A toner is used to help balance the pH of your skin.

The pH of something tells us how acidic or basic something is.

Below shows a pH Scale.

You can see from the scale above that the ideal pH for a woman’s skin is between 4.5 - 5.5.

Ideally, skin should be slightly acidic. This helps to keep moisture in & bacteria out!

However almost all soap is slightly basic. Soap is essential a mixture of an acid and a base. The acid is in further known as fatty acids or fat, and triglycerides. The base is sodium hydroxide.  A more common term used for sodium hydroxide is lye. Lye is the key ingredient in all soap. When fatty acids( and triglycerides) combine with lye (Sodium hydroxide), the saponification reaction occurs, thus creating what we know as soap! During this reaction (saponification) the fatty acids separate from the triclycerides, and fuse with hydroxide ions. This process leaves soap slightly alkaline, or basic.

Click here for a link to a video that breaks down the science behind soap!

Essentially, when we don’t use a toner, our skin’s pH is slightly more basic/alkaline pH.

We mentioned above that when skin is in it’s ideal range (4.5-5.5) it retains moisture, and keeps bacteria out. When your skin’s pH is more basic, the opposite will occur. This can leave the skin to appear flakey, and increase the possibility of inflammation and acne.  

Spritz on some toner after cleansing and this will help balance your skin’s pH, allowing to keep moisture in & bacteria out! 

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